International Journal of Science and Technology

International Journal of Science and Technology>> Volume 7, Number 9, September 2017

International Journal of Science and Technology


Assessment of Radioactivity Contents of Food in the Oil and Gas Producing Areas in Delta State, Nigeria

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Author P. Tchokossa, J.B Olomo, F.A. Balogun and C.A. Adesanmi
On Pages 245-250
Volume No. 3
Issue No. 5
Issue Date April, 2013
Publishing Date April, 2013
Keywords Radioactivity, Transfer factor, Food, Oil and Gas producing area, Nigeria.


Abstract

The radioactivity concentrations of 40K, 238U, 232Th and 137Cs in eighteen species of foodstuffs in the oil and gas producing areas in Delta State, Nigeria have been measured using a high purity germanium, (HPGe) detector system. The mean specific activities of 40K, 238U, 232Th and 137Cs vary between 36.48 68.02; 2.33 5.18; 1.26 2.98 and 0.27 2.47 Bq kg-1 respectively in vegetables while in fruits the mean specific radioactivities of these radio-nuclides vary between 31.22 61.91; 1.17 2.67; 0.10 1.60 and 0.70 3.26 Bq kg-1. In tubers the mean specific radioactivities vary between 49.10 202.75; 9.58 17.78; 6.92 16.60 Bq kg-1 in 40K, 238U, 232Th and below detection limit for 137Cs. Similarly the specific radioactivities of the three nuclide vary between 14.41 18.17; 4.34 6.79; 3.23 5.66 Bq kg-1 respectively in maize and in meat its mean vary between 329.33 392.40; 2.85 6.99; 0.67 2.84 Bq kg-1 respectively while 137Cs is below detection limit in the maize and meat samples. The transfer factor soil-to-food vary between 0.10 0.94; 0.03 0.57; 0.01 0.80 and 0.21 0.31 for 40K, 238U, 232Th and 137Cs respectively. Generally the results are low and within the range of internationally recommended limits and no significant radiological hazard was found. The results of this study may be considered as the baseline levels of radioactivities in the foodstuffs in these areas of Nigeria to check future activities in the area. Meanwhile regular monitoring is necessary due the presence of man-made radionuclides 137Cs, to avoid health hazard which may arise as a result of the cumulative effects from the radionuclides.

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