International Journal of Science and Technology

International Journal of Science and Technology>> Volume 7, Number 9, September 2017

International Journal of Science and Technology

Studentsí Preferences on Science Subjects: Does this Affect their Performance? A Case of Udzungwa Secondary School, Kilolo, Iringa, Tanzania

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Author Siwel Y. Nyamba, Kizito K. Mwajombe
On Pages 556-560
Volume No. 2
Issue No. 8
Issue Date August, 2012
Publishing Date August, 2012
Keywords Studentsí preferences, Science subject performance


This study sought to investigate factors influencing studentsí preferences on science subjects. The study arose from the fact that over years students have shown marked differences on their interest to study science subjects. Specifically, the study aimed to (1) determine studentsí preferences for science subjects (2) examine both teachersí and studentsí perception on studentsí preferences on science subject (3) establish the relationship between studentsí preference and performance on science subject (4) identify the effect of preference on performance then suggest ways to improve such relationship in order to enhance better academic performance (5) reinforce studentsí interests or preferences on science subject. The study employed a cross sectional research design whereby a total of 60 students from a collective list of form II, III and IV students were surveyed. Data collection was achieved through the use of a questionnaire. Factor analysis of the instrument revealed that there were several factors for the differential choices (preferences). To conclude, the major findings of the study showed that among many other reasons, the common reasons for studentsí Preferences and poor performance on science subjects at ordinary level secondary schools included: age of learners, sex, ignorance, shortage of learning materials, gender bias by subject teachers, and lack of guidance to students on the future importance of science. Thus, the study made the following recommendations: (1) Being at an average of 16 years, means their mind is still amative, so guidance and or counseling becomes essential in most aspects, particularly those aspects with effect on their future, so, they should not be given too much freedom to opt on issues that could affect their future (2) It was also deemed necessary that, the government should make all subject compulsory so as to avoid the possibility of losing some potential future scientists who might have dropped optional subjects (3) On the other hand, schools are to be guaranteed of enough teaching/learning facilities like books, laboratory tools and other facilities to make learning conducive.

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