International Journal of Science and Technology

International Journal of Science and Technology>> Volume 7, Number 6, June 2017

International Journal of Science and Technology


Multi-Antibiotic Resistance of Some Gram Negative Bacterial Isolates from Poultry Litters of Selected Farms in Benue State

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Author Hemen , J.T., Johnson, J.T., Ambo, E.E., Ekam, V.S, Odey, M.O., Fila, W.A.
On Pages 543-547
Volume No. 2
Issue No. 8
Issue Date August, 2012
Publishing Date August, 2012
Keywords Multi-Antibiotics, Resistance, Gram Negative, Bacterial Isolates, Poultry Litter.


Abstract

This study was aimed at isolating and identifying Shigella, Salmonella and Escherichia coli bacteria associated with poultry litter obtained from the University of Mkar Community, Adekaa, Gboko central and GRA Gboko. The study also determines the antibiotic sensitivity patterns of the associated bacteria. The bacteria were isolated and identified phenotipically following standard microbiological methods. The antibiotic sensitivity patterns of the isolated bacteria tested against Septrin, Chloranphenicol, Sparfloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Amoxacillin, Augmentin, Gentamycin, Pefloxacin, Tarivid and Streptomycin. Shigella and Salmonella were completely resistant to chloranphenicol, augmentin, pefloxacin, amoxicillin. Shigella were also resistant to all the antibiotics excepts Septrin and ciprofloxacin showed they are intermediate to the drugs. Percentage antibiotics susceptibility pattern of gram negative bacteria isolated from poultry litter showed all bacterial isolates (100%) were resistant to Chloranphenicol while most of the isolates were susceptible to Amoxacillin. All the bacterial isolates showed high level (10.2 MAR index) antibiotic resistance. The study found that there was close (R= .516) association between the isolates and antibiotics. There was also significant relationship (X2= 5.871) between isolates and occurrence at different sample sites. The study therefore recommends proper information dissemination to farmers and poultry feeds producers on dangers of antibiotic resistant strains, use of Probiotics in animal feeds to prevent gastro-intestinal infections and use of regulations to control poultry litter disposal.

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