International Journal of Science and Technology

International Journal of Science and Technology>> Volume 7, Number 9, September 2017

International Journal of Science and Technology

Pesticide Application and its Adverse Impact on Health: Evidences from Kerala

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Author C Tholkappian, S Rajendran
On Pages 56-59
Volume No. 1
Issue No. 2
Issue Date August 01, 2011
Publishing Date August 01, 2011
Keywords Vegetable, human blood, live frog, cashew, cow milk, endosulfan, an organochlorine


Indian agriculture has been under stress quite for long time. Decline in public investment, poor extension net work, lack of marketing facilities, erratic input supply and others have all collectively contributed for decline or stagnant in Indian agriculture. Increasing use of synthetic inputs and non-judicial use of natural resources including land and water have also added the problem only to become worse. Now, there has been consistent attempt to either reduce the chemical inputs or stop its use in agriculture for promoting sustainable agriculture system. The state-owned Plantation Corporation of Kerala (PCK) began dumping pesticides through aerial spraying each year in the 1970ís cashew plantations spread over 2,200 hectares in six gram panchayats of Padre village in Kasargod district. The continuous application of pesticides contaminated the flora and fauna, the aquatic system underwent tremendous changes, and the local inhabitants suffer from several problems. Initially PCK sprayed endrin and later switched to endosulfan, an organochlorine pesticide, which is effective against a number of pests in cashew, cereals, oilseeds, vegetables, coffee and tea. This exposes people to diseases like skin problems, cancer and lung complications. The severity of the matter came to light only when a new Delhi-based NGO, the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), tested blood samples from affected villagers. The centre has set up the Pesticide Environment Pollution Advisory Committee under the union department of agriculture. However, the Supreme Court has continued to observe public interest litigation on pesticides regarded as hazardous in developed countries being dumped in developing countries including India. Proper assessment, rigorous monitoring and environmental implications of synthetic chemicals should be ascertained will before allowing for large scale use. More significantly, the long term implications on the human health and environment need to be studied scientifically for sustainable development. 

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