International Journal of Science and Technology

International Journal of Science and Technology>> Volume 7, Number 9, September 2017

International Journal of Science and Technology

ICT 4D in the form of E-Learning and M-Learning

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Author Ninderpal Singh, Balwant Singh, Madya, Abdul Mua'ti, Zamri bin Ahmad
On Pages 8-16
Volume No. 4
Issue No. 1
Issue Date January 01, 2014
Publishing Date January 01, 2014
Keywords e-learning, m-learning and ICT for development.


This paper provides a critical review on e-learning and m-learning based on studies conducted by two different scholars. The first journal which is written by Matti Hverila and Reza Barkhi, titled “The Influence of Experience, Ability and Interest on e-learning Effectiveness”. The researchers examined the effectiveness of e-learning process based on four areas; learning preconception, prior e-learning experience ability and interest of students. The second journal titled “Mobile learning: From Single Project Status to the Mainstream”, written by Olaf Zawacki-Richter, Tom Brown and Rhena Delport. The researchers try to find out the use of m-learning among distance education practitioners or users. They looked to see if m-learning has caused a paradigm shift and litheness in the area of distance education. The purpose of this paper is also to criticize the methodology used and suggesting dependable method for future research.

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